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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1121

Title: 未知の動物に対する幼児の実在性判断に与える情報提供者の権威の影響
Other Titles: The effect of the authority of informants on children's inference about the existence of novel animals
Authors: 中道, 直子
大西, 麻実
秦, 優美子
山本, 綾夏
Nakamichi, Naoko
Onishi, Asami
Hata, Yumiko
Yamamoto, Ayaka
ナカミチ, ナオコ
オオニシ, アサミ
ハタ, ユミコ
ヤマモト, アヤカ
日本女子体育大学(准教授)
株式会社ECC(営業)
大森双葉幼稚園(教諭)
西新宿学童クラブ(教諭)
Keywords: selective trust
testimony
authority
young children
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Abstract:  Young children are exposed to a wealth of new information on a daily basis. A principal source of information is the testimonies of other people. There are times when other people carelessly make false testimonies and sometimes when they even do so intentionally. As such, young children must exercise selective trust in the testimonies of particular people. This study examined whether young children trusted the testimonies of a kindergarten principal, an authority figure, when they inferenced the existence of novel animals. Five- and six-year-olds participated in the study. We first explained to the children that the principal and class teacher of a fictitious kindergarten were in disagreement about the existence of eight novel animals. We subsequently asked the children to judge whether these eight animals exist. Lastly, we asked them who among the principal and teacher is an authority figure. The results showed that all the six-year-olds selected the principal as the authority figure and this proportion was significantly higher than that of the five-year-olds. Moreover, the children who viewed the principal as the authority figure were more likely to trust the principal's testimonies when they were judging the existence of the novel animals. The results of this study suggest that children's understanding of authority develops from around the age of six, leading them to selectively trust the testimonies of authority figures.
URI: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1121
ISSN: 02850095
Appears in Collections:第49巻

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