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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1128

Title: 4~6 歳児を対象とした粗大運動発達テストTGMD-2 による評価 : パイロットスタディ
Other Titles: Assessment of the gross motor development of 4- to 6-year-old Japanese children using the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd edition : A pilot study
Authors: 雨宮, 由紀枝
佐藤, 麻衣子
Amemiya, Yukie
Sato, Maiko
アメミヤ, ユキエ
サトウ, マイコ
日本女子体育大学(教授)
日本女子体育大学(准教授)
Keywords: early childhood
gross motor skill assessment
TGMD-2
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Abstract:  The purposes of this study were to assess 4- to 6-year-old Japanese children using the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd edition (TGMD-2) as a pilot study and to describe the motor skill level of infants. Participants were 23 healthy children (seven 4-year-olds, seven 5-year-olds, and nine 6-year-olds). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to calculate differences among ages.  The results revealed that older children achieved higher TGMD-2 total skill scores than younger children. In the post hoc test, there was a significant difference between 4-year-old and 6-year-old children( p<0.01). The score on the locomotor subtest increased with age. In the post hoc test, a significant difference was observed between 4-year-old and 6-year-old children (p<0.01). The score on the object control subtest also increased with age. In the post hoc test, there was no significant difference among ages. As for the 12 motor skills, scores also roughly increased with age, with a statistically significant difference for sliding observed between 4-year-old and 6-year-old children (p<0.05). In addition, a comparison of the reference value for the TGMD-2 with the standard value in the United States found that the scores for 4-year-olds, 5-year-olds, and 6-year-olds were roughly the same as the scores in the United States. Based on these results, preschool teachers have the opportunity to plan early education programs that are appropriate for each child.
URI: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1128
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