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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/548

Title: 二階堂トクヨとダンス : ダンスの研究と指導について
Other Titles: Tokuyo Nikaidou and dance : about her dance research and dance instruction
Authors: 村山, 茂代
Murayama, Shigeyo
ムラヤマ, シゲヨ
日本女子体育大学(非常勤職員)
Keywords: Tokuyo Nikaidou
Martina Bergman-Österberg
Cecil Sharp
Issue Date: Mar-2004
Abstract: This study will explore Tokuyo Nikaidou's (1880-1941) dancer esearch and dance instruction at her schools. In 1912, she was dispatched to England by Monbusho (the Ministry of Education), in order to study gymnastics at the Bergman-Österberg Physical Training College established by Martina Bergman-Österberg (1849-1915). She studied dance not only at the college, but also at private ballet studios and the English Folk Dance Society organaized by Cecil Sharp (1859-1924). She saw great performances by Nijinsky, Pavlova, and Geneé. After studying various fields of dance, she realized that dance can be an important form of exercise in girls' physical education. She returned to Japan in 1915. In 1922, she established her own school (the Nikaidou Taisou Juku), which is a training school for physical education teachers. First of all, she researched the physique of students at the Nikaidou Taisou Juku. The result of this research was that the students had a poor physique in comparison with Western women. Moreover, the students' physique was in unbalanced development. She thought that Western dance was the best way to improve the students' physique, because Western dance contained various kinds of movement. So, she taught dance pieces that she studied in England and others. Her dance was very new in those days. In 1926, the Nikaidou Taisou Juku was raised to the status of normal school in physical education (the NihonJoshi Taiiku Senmon Gakkou). This time, she made the syllabus of dance and hired many excellent dance teachers from wide area in dance, such as, new dance, ballet, school dance, educational dance, gymnastic dance, and eurhythmics. It was concluded that Tokuyo Nikaidou taught dance for the purpose of improving her students' physique.
URI: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/548
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