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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/652

Title: 幼児の体格及び運動能力について : 幼稚園児の20年間の記録からの分析
Other Titles: Children’s body frames and physical capabilities : Analysis of a survey of kindergarten children over a period of 20 years
Authors: 梁川, 悦美
櫻木, 真智子
西田, ますみ
桐川, 敦子
Yanagawa, Etsumi
Sacragi, Machiko
Nishida, Masumi
Kirikawa, Atsuko
ヤナガワ, エツミ
サクラギ, マチコ
ニシダ, マスミ
キリカワ, アツコ
日本女子体育大学(非常勤講師) 東京家政大 (講師)
Keywords: children
physical capability
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Abstract: Based on a 20 year survey from 1991 to 2010 the research reveals development and growth of kindergartners' body frames and physical capabilities. The purpose of this study is to grasp the reality and changes of growth as well as to find issues in order to integrate improvements throughout the curriculum of physical activity. The following results are learnt from this research. 1) Both height and weight growth data of boys and girls from 1991 to 2010 showed physical development across the ages. 2) Children entering kindergarten in 1991 were likely to be taller and heavier than those who entered kindergarten in 2008. The average development differs between now and two decades ago; both physical growth and athletic ability were studied according to age. 3) Both boys and girls entering kindergarten in 2008 were less competent at running compared with the children entering kindergarten in 1991. (b)On the contrary, during the three years at kindergarten, the children who entered in 2008 acquired better running skill of those who entered in 1991. As for jumping skills there is no discernible difference between children who entered kindergarten in 1991 or 2008. 4) The ability of throwing doesn't deliver much difference between 1991 and 2010; however, girls who entered in 1991 had superior throwing competence than the girls who entered in 2008 over three years at kindergarten. Overall, children get more competent with age. 5) The three physical competences of running, throwing and jumping share a trend that children who entered 2008, in total, had inferior ability than those who entered 1991. However, they showed greater progress in most of categories except for girls throwing at the elder group during three year period at kindergarten. 6) According to the average between the national data and M-Kindergarten, boys early aged 6 years at M-Kindergarten are superior in 25m running and standing broad jump. In terms of throwing the national data shows a bit better score than M-Kindergarten. As for girls who are in the late 6 years old group M-Kindergarten runs 25m faster. The average of standing broad jump and throwing at M-Kindergarten was a bit lower than the national data. 7) A recent survey exposes a fact that 10.6% children never play outside and the number of child playing outside more than three hours drop by 13.6%. These results urge to plan and implement physical activities with additional focus on throwing. It is also important to educate parents to understand the importance of supporting children's sound growth and development through parent meetings and school letters. In addition, by improving the development plan and supplementing the current curriculum “Physical Play” it facilitates children to derive enjoyment from physical activity. Needless to say, in implementation the environment and physical play are heavily oriented toward children.
URI: http://ir.jwcpe.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/652
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